The Future Of Legal Costs: Trends, Technology, And Innovations In UK Property Transactions

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Legal fees remain one of the largest costs faced by both buyers and sellers in UK property transactions. The current model of lengthy conveyancing handled manually by solicitors and licenced conveyancers is ripe for disruption. With the rise of legal technology (legaltech) and online platforms, the future for solicitors fees for buying and selling a house may provide some respite for stretched property budgets.

In this guide, we explore the possible evolution of legal services and costs for home sales and purchases. We look at what forces are driving change, what inefficiencies new technologies may address, how transactions could be managed digitally, what fee structures may emerge, what a fully online conveyancing experience may resemble, and what risks and challenges lie ahead. Understanding the possible future landscape can help buyers and sellers prepare to manage legal costs more optimally.

The Current State of Play on Fees

Traditionally solicitors fees are quoted based on a percentage of the property price, commonly around 1% for straightforward transactions. Percentages vary across the UK. Additional fixed fees often cover disbursements like searches. New cost models are emerging aiming to undercut these pricing norms.

Why the Existing Model is Being Disrupted

Several factors indicate change is due around legal costs:

  • The digital age demands faster, more convenient client experiences. Physical paperwork and fax machines frustrate clients.
  • Costs deter many first-time buyers and those moving regularly for work. Lower fees would stimulate transactions.
  • Percentage-based pricing feels opaque and disproportionate, losing client trust.
  • Conveyancing tasks are highly automatable using modern technologies.
  • Globalisation connects new international players to the UK market.
  • The sector must evolve as client expectations rise around digitisation of services.

Innovators are capitalising on these drivers to deliver alternative propositions centred on technology and transparency.

How Legaltech is Enabling Change

New technologies allow property transactions to become far more streamlined and automated:

  • Secure client portals replace postal paper chasing.
  • Machine learning expedites analysis of legal documents and forms.
  • Cloud repositories centralise client information accessibly.
  • APIs seamlessly integrate connected platforms and data sources.
  • Digital signatures provide legally binding contract execution.
  • Blockchain enables real-time multi-party access to transaction data.
  • Big data insights uncovered from property market datasets.
  • Video tools improve remote consultations at lower cost.

Harnessing these approaches can substantially lower human time requirements and make processes more efficient.

How Transactions Could be Managed Digitally

A fully digitised property transaction system might operate as follows:

  • Clients order services and upload identity verification via web/mobile.
  • Documentation gets extracted from blockchain property data repositories.
  • Customer interfaces provide guidance and FAQs to reduce basic queries.
  • AI chatbots handle common client questions.
  • Bulk tasks like form filling and document drafting are automated.
  • Lawyer oversight focuses on judgement-intensive issues only.
  • Digital signatures execute contracts, overseen by lawyers electronically.
  • Automated lodgment and registration of finalised ownership transfers.
  • Client portals update progress 24/7 and provide support as needed.

While lawyer input remains essential, automation assists to speed up and simplify the end-to-end process.

How Pricing Models Could Evolve

Sample new pricing approaches that could emerge include:

  • Flat fees – e.g. £500 conveyancing for a set basket of services.
  • Price per stage – fixed pricing for specific parts of the transaction.
  • Subscription models – unlimited conveyancing for a monthly fee.
  • Price per task – incremental charges for bespoke services.
  • Value-based – tiered packages defined by property price bands.
  • Online auction – clients bid for services based on capacity and urgency.
  • Risk-based – higher prices for complex cases requiring more input.

These demonstrate a shift from the opaque percentage model that has dominated historically.

What an Online-Only Conveyancing Experience Could Look Like

For digitally savvy clients, a streamlined end-to-end online conveyancing service might include:

  • Property sale or purchase ordered fully through a mobile app or website.
  • ID verification via user accounts on trusted digital platforms.
  • Document upload and e-signing built into the user account dashboard.
  • Chatbot advisor accessible 24/7 to answer basic queries.
  • Live chat, voice and video consultations with conveyancers included as needed.
  • Virtual dashboards to view progress, tasks and status updates in real-time.
  • Digital exchange and completion via integrated e-signing of contracts.
  • Automatic data feeds from connected property platforms removing paperwork.
  • Payment via integrated Faster Payments or card settlement.

This demonstrates how the majority of conveyancing could be digitised and delivered online, opening cost efficiencies.

Remaining Risks and Challenges

While the legal world moves towards digitisation, risks around the transition include:

  • Potential loss of personalised services valued by clients.
  • Getting user interfaces right so clients fully understand digital experiences.
  • Ensuring transparency between lawyers and AI tools.
  • Maintaining security and privacy when data sharing across platforms.
  • Achieving full buy-in and adoption across the legal sector.
  • Overcoming resistance or scepticism from traditionalists.
  • Regulating rogue operators who may cut corners amid disruption.
  • Achieving the promised cost savings – will they be passed to consumers?

Progress will require continued focus on client-centric design thinking and cybersecurity.


The stage appears set for the cost model around UK property transactions like conveyancing to be overhauled and modernised through legal tech. By streamlining cumbersome processes, enabling automation and moving client experiences online, fees look set to fall. However, the human expertise of lawyers will remain at the core of navigating sales and purchases. Blending this with technology will define positive models where convenience, security and cost efficiency are enhanced. Adoption readiness will determine the pace of change across a traditionally risk-averse sector. But client expectations around digitisation and accessibility of services point strongly toward online-first legal delivery enhancing affordability in the years ahead.

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