Your Path To Property Ownership – A Guide To Buying In The UK

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Purchasing a home is one of the most exciting yet daunting steps you’ll take in your adult life. It’s a big commitment, but it can also be extremely rewarding to finally call a place your own. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know as a first-time buyer looking to buy a property UK. From saving for a deposit to finding the right neighbourhood, we’ll cover all the key steps to homeownership so you can feel confident embarking on this new chapter. Let’s get started!

Saving Up a Deposit

The first hurdle to buying a home is saving up enough money for a deposit. This is a lump sum you put down to secure the property, usually 10-20% of the total price. The minimum deposit required depends on the type of mortgage you apply for.

Opening a dedicated savings account is a smart way to squirrel away a little from each paycheck towards your goal. A Lifetime ISA (LISA) is ideal, as the government will give you a 25% bonus up to £1,000 per year. The earlier you start saving, the less you’ll have to put away each month to reach your target deposit amount.

It’s also wise to keep your deposit savings separate from your everyday spending money. This makes it less tempting to dip into it for other purchases. Aim to build it up over several years – buying property UK is a marathon, not a sprint. Patience in saving up will pay off enormously when you can finally afford your dream home.

Improving Your Credit Score

A better credit score means better mortgage rates, so improving yours in advance is wise. Simply paying all bills on time, reducing debts, and not taking on new credit right before applying will help boost your rating.

You’re entitled to check your credit report for free, so review it for any errors that could be bringing your score down. If the credit agency refuses to correct any mistakes, you can submit a notice of correction.

Avoid applying for multiple new credit cards or loans just to give your score a quick boost, as this could backfire. Building credit takes time, so start strengthening it at least 6 months before you intend to buy property UK.

Finding the Right Location

Deciding where to live is about more than just finding an affordable property – location matters for lifestyle reasons too. Here are some key things to evaluate:

Commute – How long does it take to get to your workplace and other frequent destinations? Prioritise accessibility and convenience.

Amenities – Check what shops, parks, restaurants and other amenities are easily accessible in the area.

Schools – If you have or plan to have kids, research Ofsted reports and league tables for local schools.

Safety – Review crime rates and statistics. Visit at different times of the day to get a feel for the neighbourhood.

Future growth – Are home values in the area predicted to rise or fall? New local developments could impact this.

Striking the right balance between what you can afford and the lifestyle you want is key to finding your ideal location. Never buy somewhere just for the school or train station – consider the whole package.

Viewing Potential Properties

Once you’ve picked out some areas you’re interested in, it’s time to view potential homes! Here are tips for making the most of viewings:

  • Book appointments ahead of time. Popular properties go fast, so line up viewings in advance. Weekday evenings or weekends are best.
  • Take thorough notes on each property’s layout, condition, features, etc so you can compare later. Bring a checklist of wants vs. needs to stay organised.
  • Ask lots of questions. Anything unclear about floor plan, storage, parking, appliances etc – speak up!
  • Visualise yourself living there. Can you happily enjoy the space day-to-day? Where would your furniture go?
  • Photograph anything that needs work or repairs so you remember details.
  • Don’t feel pressured. Viewings are for assessing if the property works for you. Never let agents rush you into applying on the spot.

Trust your instincts – you’ll know the right home when you see it. And if a property doesn’t tick your boxes, keep looking!

Making an Offer

Found your perfect property? It’s time to make an offer! Your first bid should take into account:

  • The asking price – offers under 10% of this risk immediate rejection, but higher amounts have better odds if the home has been listed for a while.
  • Market value – research prices of comparable sold properties in the area so your offer is competitive but fair.
  • Bidding war – in hot markets with high demand, be ready to increase your price to beat out other buyers.
  • Negotiations – agents often come back with a counteroffer, so expect some back and forth before settling on a figure.
  • Completion date – when selecting a date you can move in by, leave some flexibility in case of delays.
  • Conditions – common conditions tied to offers include arranging a mortgage, having a home inspection done, or making completion dependent on the sale of your current home.

It can be a nail-biting wait to see if your offer is accepted. Fingers crossed! 

Securing a Mortgage

With an offer agreed, you’ll need to secure a mortgage for the remainder of the purchase price. Here’s how to get the best deal:

  • Save your statements to show income and deposit funds. Lenders will want to verify these.
  • Check your credit report again and resolve any new issues that arise. Maintain your good score!
  • Research products like fixed-rate, variable, offset and tracker mortgages. Compare interest rates and features.
  • Get pre-approved by having a Decision in Principle to show sellers you’re a serious buyer.
  • Shop around – a broker can compare many lenders but also approach banks directly for quotes.
  • Lock in rates quickly – they fluctuate frequently so time is of the essence.
  • Read the fine print on any mortgage offer and query unclear fees or charges before signing.

Choosing the right mortgage will save you thousands long-term. Comparing all options ensures you get the perfect product for your needs.

Using a Conveyancer or Solicitor

Conveyancers and solicitors handle all the legal work during a home purchase. Hiring one is mandatory – here’s what they do

  • Conduct local searches to ensure no restrictions on the property
  • Check relevant documentation like energy performance certs
  • Confirm the title deed and identify any covenants, easements or rights to the land
  • Prepare a report on the property’s title for your review
  • Negotiate fixtures, fittings and transfers of services to be included in the sale
  • Draft the contract, arrange surveys, answer legal queries and facilitate the signing
  • Carry out pre-completion searches and finalise transfer of funds on completion day

Though conveyancer’s fees aren’t cheap, they protect your interests and save you headaches. Find one experienced in property transactions.

Undergoing Surveys and Valuations

Before exchanging contracts, you’ll need to have professional surveys done

Mortgage Valuation Survey – Required by the lender to value the property. This is quick and basic – get more robust surveys too.

HomeBuyer Report – Detailed survey identifying any issues that need addressing. Ideal for older homes.

Full Structural Survey – This most comprehensive inspection looking at every aspect of the property’s condition. Worth it for dilapidated or unusual builds.

Never skip the surveys – they can flag expensive problems you’d otherwise be stuck with post-purchase. Negotiate repairs or a lower price if issues arise.

Hiring an independent surveyor rather than using your estate agent’s recommended one gives you impartial insights. Don’t ignore red flags at this stage.

Exchanging Contracts

Once all surveys are done and a completion date is agreed upon, it’s time for exchange contracts. This legally binds both you and the seller to the purchase. Here’s what happens:

  • The contract is signed by you and the seller, and witnessed by your solicitor.
  • A deposit of usually 10% is paid to the seller, either directly or via your solicitor. This secures the sale.
  • The completion date is set.
  • All legal work must be finished. You’re now locked into the purchase!
  • If any party pulls out before completion without good reason, the other can sue for breach of contract.

You’ll feel a weight lifted once contracts are safely exchanged. Time to start daydreaming about decorating!

Preparing for Completion Day

Completion day is when you officially own the keys – make sure everything is in order:

  • Your solicitor will transfer the remaining 90% purchase price to the seller.
  • Final pre-completion searches are done 24 hours before completion to check for any last-minute issues.
  • The seller must vacate the property and leave it in the agreed condition for handover.
  • Estate agents will meet you at the property to hand over the keys.
  • Arrange your moving van – don’t book for before midday in case of delays.
  • Redirect post, and transfer utilities and services over to your name.
  • Thoroughly change the locks as soon as you get the keys.
  • Keep an eagle eye during your first inspection – flag any problems left behind.

Enjoy celebrating in your new home! The journey to ownership is done.

Budgeting Ongoing Costs

The purchase is complete but owning a home still carries regular costs. Make sure your budget allows for

Mortgage Payments – This will likely be your biggest monthly expense. Factor in any pending rate rises.

Maintenance – Around 1% of the property’s value per year as a reserve fund for repairs and replacements over time.

Insurance – Required for protection against damage. Compare premiums annually at renewal.

Council Tax – Varies by property value and location. Discounts exist for single occupants.

Utilities – Budget higher bills for a larger home. Energy costs are soaring currently.

Service charges/ground rent – For leasehold properties, pay annual fees as stipulated in the lease.

Incidentals – Extra costs like TV licenses, cleaning, housekeeping etc still apply when owning.

Appliance cover – Optional but wise for boilers, heating systems and other major items prone to wear and tear.

Owning a home is a big monthly expense. Be realistic about all ongoing costs so they remain affordable.

Tips for First-Time Buyers

For those buying your very first home, keep these tips in mind:

  • Make use of government schemes like Help to Buy Equity Loans and Shared Ownership to get on the ladder if you’re struggling.
  • Look out for properties sold undervalued due to short leases. Renewing the lease adds equity.
  • Consider auction properties in need of renovation that you can add value to over time.
  • Get a LISA (Lifetime ISA) opened early and maximise contributions to earn the 25% bonus towards your deposit.
  • Be measured about what you can afford – buying a fixer-upper on a tight budget may not leave you much money for vital repairs.
  • Don’t waiver from your must-haves, but be flexible about nice-to-have features on your first home.
  • Hire a good conveyancer and keep them informed if relying on the sale of another property to fund this purchase.

The process takes patience, but the day you get your keys will make it all worthwhile!

Finding the Right Team of Professionals

Having the right team in your corner makes home buying infinitely smoother. Here are the key experts to assemble:

Mortgage Broker – Advises on products and sources the best lending rates and terms for you.

Conveyancer/Solicitor – Does all the legal work to progress the purchase and protect your interests.

Surveyor – Provides detailed reports on the property’s condition to flag any needed repairs.

Removal Company – Takes the hassle out of moving all your possessions to the new home.

Estate Agent – Markets the property, conducts viewings and negotiates offers on the seller’s behalf.

Valuer – Determines accurate market value to inform your offer amount.

Inspector – Assesses areas like electrical safety, pest infestations, asbestos, and more depending on property concerns.

Doing your research helps find reputable professionals you can trust for a smooth transaction. Don’t be afraid to ask questions every step of the way!


The road to buying property UK may be long, but can end in a hugely rewarding payoff when you get the keys to your perfect home. Following this step-by-step guide will help you navigate the process with confidence. Saving diligently, finding the right location, shopping mortgages, hiring a solicitor, and assembling your team of experts lays the groundwork for success. Stay patient, budget wisely, and don’t compromise on your property wishes. With some persistence, your homeownership dreams can become reality! You’ve got this.

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